From Smart Earth, the idea of smart environment protection was born. The idea of “smart Earth” was initially put out by IBM in early 2009 and then elevated by then-US President Barack Obama to the status of a national plan. The core of Smart Earth is a more intelligent strategy that uses next-generation information technology to connect information infrastructure and infrastructure to improve how companies, governments, and the general public interact, improving clarity, flexibility, and responsiveness.
1. What do you mean by smart environment?
The administration of the Hudson River in Manhattan, New York, is the most common example of how “smart environmental protection” has been used since the notion of “smart Earth” was first proposed. It quickly permeated different sectors, particularly the field of environmental protection. The Hudson River’s banks were a vacation destination in the middle of the 19th century, but they are now highly contaminated by home and industrial pollutants. To restore the ecology of the Hudson River, the state of New York launched “a new water management plan.” They installed sensors throughout the river basin and used the network to transmit real-time data about the river’s salinity, chlorophyll content, turbidity, and particle size to data processing centers.
The data will be displayed in the analysis and management platform. The experts will simulate the Hudson River’s environmental model and governance scheme according to information modeling and analyze the impact of different schemes on Hudson’s environment and the governance effect. Big data, cloud computing, sensor Internet of things, and other technology have helped to effectively rehabilitate the Hudson River and turn it back into a destination for ecotourism.
2. What is a smart environment monitoring system
People’s expectations for their interior environment have increased in line with their improved level of life. The atmosphere is kept neat and orderly, the decorations are planned, and the air quality is also greatly appreciated! However, in addition to interior formaldehyde pollution, outdoor haze attacks, excessive carbon dioxide concentrations, and other factors, the human body will unavoidably suffer adverse effects. From the standpoint of observation, the development of intelligent environmental monitoring systems has resulted in increasingly effective solutions to the problem of indoor environmental contamination.
A device called an “smart environment monitoring system” employs Internet of Things technology to track environmental variables such as interior temperature, humidity, light, particle matter (PM2.5/PM10), carbon dioxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde, and noise. It operates in the “cloud-tube-end” manner and is primarily made up of the application, network, function, and perception layers. Thirdly, a hardware system is built employing Internet of Things technologies to enable real-time data upload and capture. Collect the necessary data and transmit it to the display terminal and monitoring terminal in real-time so that management staff and visitors may observe the environmental data on the multimedia display screen and monitoring terminal.
In the age of smart living, an intelligent environmental monitoring system is the “keeper” of healthy breathing since it may recommend ways to enhance air quality in response to data changes. The Osborn indoor environmental monitoring equipment has a more stylish look and portable features thanks to the different design and modern color scheme. It also contains professional detecting sensors and cloud-based, Internet of Things-enabled intelligence, allowing it to perfectly blend in with the way of life of the smart age while safeguarding every breath of freedom.
In offices, schools, homes, and other places, intelligent environment monitoring systems are often employed. The ambient air composition is automatically collected and calculated using cutting-edge integrated sensor technology, a built-in CPU, a detector, and internal cemented arithmetic software. It enables users to accurately monitor a variety of chemicals, including carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, temperature, humidity, and PM2.5 and PM10 levels. At the same time, it can guarantee that the information on air quality can be acquired whenever and anywhere through APP and WeChat official account.
3. How does a smart environment work
Overall, the perception, the transport, the knowledge, and the service layers are all parts of the “Smart Environmental Protection” design. To get a full awareness of environmental aspects such as environmental quality, pollution sources, ecology, and radiation, the perception layer uses any machinery, systems, or processes that can detect, measure, collect, and send data anytime and everywhere. By combining 3G and satellite communication technologies, environmental protection private networks and operator networks are used to communicate and share environmental information stored in personal electronic devices, organizations, and government information systems in order to achieve more thorough interconnection. Through cloud computing, virtualization, and high-performance computing, the smart layer integrates and analyzes vast amounts of environmental data to achieve deeper intelligence. This is done to realize massive storage, real-time processing, deep mining, and model analysis. To enable better-informed choices for environmental quality, pollution prevention and control, ecological protection, radiation management, and other enterprises, the service layer will provide an object-oriented business application system and information service portal.
4. Wireless technologies in smart environments
Terminals can automatically broadcast, acquire, and process information thanks to Bluetooth. With the advancement of Bluetooth technology, all information appliances can now be remotely controlled, and Bluetooth information appliances may exchange helpful information with one another. A Bluetooth transmission module uses wireless technology, the Bluetooth module’s communication network environment, and the contact operating system.
Another smart home appliance update option is infrared technology, which mainly uses wireless infrared transponders. A wireless infrared transponder is an integrated infrared transceiver module that can learn and store infrared signals and can do so for a range of intelligent infrared devices.
ZigBee coordinator, ZigBee infrared control terminal, and home gateway are three examples of intelligent device control systems that often use ZigBee technology. A ZigBee network has two functional units. The first one is the ZigBee coordinator, responsible for setting up and running the ZigBee network, while the second one is the ZigBee terminal node. The ZigBee network and a learning infrared remote control module are mostly used to link the control system. To establish the connection between the wireless control network and the control host, the ZigBee coordinator uses the RS232 serial port to interact with the home gateway.
Many devices now use clever Wi-Fi wireless network technologies to operate household appliances intelligently. The basic idea is that the user sends the instruction program using their mobile phone. The corresponding processing module receives and sends it over Wi-Fi to the microcontroller. The microcontroller then executes the instruction program the user sent, according to the control command and other information, and returns the completed program to the client.
This is a wireless version of the bar code that is not waterproof, antimagnetic, high temperature resistant, has a long service life, and can read from a distance. RFID tags have several advantages over bar codes, including the ability to store encrypted data on the label and the freedom to store information without having to touch the object being identified.
5. Which are the main entities of smart environment?
- High precision valve
- Sensor module
- Compound multi-gas detector
- Electronic nose (multi-gas detection)
- Grid monitoring and early warning of air quality
- Gas alarm controller
- Air quality monitors
- Portable gas detector
- Stationary toxic gas detection probe
6. What is IoT smart environment applications?
Environmental quality management
With the aid of tiny sensors and big data algorithms, it is possible to achieve the real-time release of urban air quality information and use maps for comprehensible presentation, simultaneously obtaining more precise air quality conditions in each subdivision area. Environmental managers may make choices with a solid foundation thanks to high-precision data based on these subdivisions. To increase the degree of sophistication of environmental management, the discharge of water, sound, radiation, and other environmental quality information may also benefit from the expertise of managing air quality.
Pollution source life cycle management
To enable environmental managers manage polluting businesses dynamically and propose targeted strategies, it is useful to immediately detect anomalous or excessive emission data and investigate the reasons. Using cutting-edge technology, like the Internet of Things, pollution source online monitoring systems and others formed a full range of intelligent monitoring networks collecting data on pollution sources throughout their life cycles in real-time. Big data analysis technology was then used to create digital, graphical displays for point-to-point communication based on the data at each node.
Environmental emergency management
Three phases primarily comprise environmental emergency management: daily management, in-operation emergency, and post-operation review. It primarily focuses on the construction of environmental emergency personnel to establish the capability of real-time collection, efficient calculation, rapid transmission, visualization of results, and machine prediction of massive information. The installation of big data sensing equipment and the application capacity construction of relevant big data processing technology is also used. The likelihood of unexpected pollution occurrences may be decreased, and hidden threats can be found using real-time detection and machine judgment. The big data management system can respond swiftly to environmental events, realize the fusion analysis and real-time report of the information of various departments, thoroughly perceive the change process of emergency accidents, and swiftly gather multiple key indicator information to support decision-making. Big data may be used in the post-evaluation to assess the condition and real results of emergency care.
7. What is smart environmental solutions
Micro-meteorological environment monitoring tools include both meteorological and online environmental monitoring. Particulate matter online monitor, wireless data collector, noise online monitor, power supply system, lightning protection system, five-element micro-meteorological meter, fixed support, and software platform are the main monitoring components that must be used in the environmental online monitoring system. One of them, the particulate matter online monitor, primarily uses the laser technique to assess the levels of PM2.5, PM10, and TSP. It is appropriate for big conventional grid site layouts and has the advantages of cheap cost and quick response. The primary purpose of the online noise monitor is to track noise pollution near highways. After all, monitoring noise pollution is just as important as monitoring air pollution from energy sources like motor vehicles and building sites. The five-element micro-meteorological instrument primarily measures the surrounding area’s ambient temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction, and atmospheric pressure parameters, analyzes the local meteorological conditions, and transmits the data to the software platform using 4G wireless transmission mode. Environmental protection professionals often employ the Handan Yansheng Company’s HCD6810 series ultrasonic small meteorological environment monitor. The device has strong capabilities that enable it to monitor various characteristics in addition to the typical ones, such as rainfall, sunlight radiation, PM2.5, and PM10.
8. Advantages of Internet of Things environmental monitoring
intelligent system for monitoring the environment. Wireless sensor network-based home environment monitoring has been successfully implemented. Low power consumption, excellent dependability, small size, and simple installation are some of its key benefits. It is possible to build up the intelligent system control of the whole home by integrating the environmental monitoring system with other households’ intelligent equipment. As is customary, fresh air vents are often opened in the house. However, there is now a system that can monitor the environment and, if air quality standards are exceeded, connect fresh air vents to the home’s air conditioning to improve comfort and safety.
9. Challenges of environmental monitoring in the Internet of Things
Resources for environmental information lack adequate development and dissemination. Environmental management work has amassed a significant amount of basic data over the years. Still, the gathering, transmission, processing, storage, and application of these data is dispersed, lacks standardized management, and is still only capable of performing basic queries and statistics. As a result, environmental data have not yet been fully and effectively converted into resources that can be used to access information. Nevertheless, several municipalities and units do not fully comprehend the need for environmental information technology. The growth of system applications “chimney” and data “island” due to isolation and blocking phenomena has become a significant bottleneck in creating environmental information.
The demands for information transmission and resource sharing cannot be completely satisfied by network coverage capabilities. With the rising demand for environmental management applications, the building of an environmental information network is on a certain scale. Still, the extent of environmental monitoring and information exchange is limited. Consequently, the capacity of diverse areas to coordinate information is limited, and the ability to coordinate business, comprehensive assistance, and public service is poor.
Protection of the environment. It is necessary to increase the main activity of creating environmental management information. The phenomenon of emphasizing hardware, light software, heavy construction, and light application is a feature of environmental information building. The impact of environmental protection is impacted since the internet of things has not completely realized its potential in terms of environmental monitoring, overall pollution reduction, and other areas.
10. What about the Smart environment monitoring market
In order to realize timely, interactive, and integrated information perception, transmission, and processing of pollution sources, water environment, air environment, and ecological environment, intelligent environmental protection refers to the construction of a higher perceived environmental protection basic environment through information and communication technologies such as the Internet of Things and cloud computing. To achieve the integration of human society and the environmental business system, as well as realize the wisdom of environmental management and decision-making in a more sophisticated and dynamic way, advanced environmental protection concepts with the goals of promoting pollution reduction, environmental risk prevention, ecological civilization construction, and scientific development of environmental protection are necessary.
Statistics show that there are 10 businesses in China and 26 in the United States with annual revenues exceeding one billion yuan. In the US and China, respectively, there are 49.6% and 7.8% of CR3 firms in the solid waste sector. In the US, CR3 firms in the water treatment sector made up 17.2 percent of the total, compared to only 8.1 percent in China.