This article will help us comprehend the Internet of Things(IoT) technology. Data sensing equipment such as Global Positioning Systems, infrared sensors, laser scanners, etc. uses a protocol-based radio frequency identification (RFID) to attain a device’s positioning, tracking, smart identification, and network management services.
What is IoT and how does it work?
The Internet of Things technology comprises three main aspects:
· Application technology – It involves; data storage and mining, platform services that are analogous to computing, and data presentation.
· Network technology – It involves; a wireless low-speed short-range low-power IPV6, gateway technology, wide area wireless access improvement, ADHOC network, wide area core network improvement, wireless access of regional broadband, and node technology.
· Sensing technology – It involves; an RFID tag, sensor, actuator, and a two-dimensional bar code. Sensing technology is the core of IoT. RFID and WSN technologies are used to develop it.
It is essential for computer technicians to primarily learn the application, operations, management, design, and maintenance services of the Internet of Things technology.
Internet of Things(IoT) Technology Advantages
It is unclear if it is costly to develop an Internet of Things network, but it is known that many businesses can reap the benefits of the technology when they make good use of it. IoT benefits, whether in automation, decreased costs, enhanced security, and improved worker efficiency, are destined to develop businesses.
Ever since the arrival of the Internet, it has been expected that the Internet of Things technology will be one of the most noteworthy technological advancements. IoT is important as it is expected to transform how we interrelate with our devices and how smart devices are effortlessly incorporated into the physical world.
Internet of Things(IoT) Technology benefits
In the Internet of Things technology, possibilities are endless. IoT saves time as it enables users to connect all over the world.
Everyone wants to save money. Fewer expenditures mean more disposable returns.
The Internet of Things technology makes the production process faster and simple. Higher output means lesser input expenses for businesses. Hence, the profit is always higher if the cost is low. With the adoption of IoT, it is projected that the cost of food items will be half by 2050.
Saves human resources
Using IoT, devices can easily connect and communicate globally. It also sets up processes in a device in a manner that does not need human intervention. Moreover, people using the Internet of Things technology don’t have to spend much time aiding communication between various devices.
What is IoT technology example?
Although the technology sounds more complex, it is relatively simple to use. It is safer, economical, and all about making life easier. The Internet of Things technologies is most frequently used in the sectors such as; smart security, healthcare, business automation, agriculture, research, manufacturing, transportation, education and entertainment industries.
Smart medical care
When the Internet of Things technology is combined with healthcare, patients can use some of the wearable smart devices deployed in the healthcare sector to complete the detection of some essential measures, for instance, temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, etc.
Smart wearable devices enable us to easily manage our health records as they record loads of data related to health. Also, you can learn more about your health by sending your health information to the hospital, where you can remotely consult the doctors and receive medical advice.
Smart logistics is a common term for the use cases of new technologies in the logistics sector. It is the apprehension of system analysis, awareness, and processing functions in different relations like warehousing, packaging, transportation, loading and offloading. Moreover, smart logistics is also used to support information technologies like big data, the Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence. Understanding smart logistics can significantly decrease the cost of transportation in different industries, enhance transportation efficiency, and improve the levels of automation and intelligence in the logistics sector. In the logistics sector, the application of the IoT is primarily replicated in three aspects: monitoring transportation, managing warehouses, and intelligent express cabinet.
Transportation systems are considered one of the most promising use cases in IoT. Smart transportation is a unique custom of the IoT. Its primary use case sectors are; information transmission technology, advanced data technology, computer processing technology, etc. Smart transportation is used to spontaneously combine individuals, vehicles and roads, develop transportation environs, warrant traffic security, and enhance resource utilization. Smart transportation concentrates on five industrial application scenarios. They include; smart parking, smart buses, car networking, shared bikes, and smart traffic lights.
Secondly, with the developments in IoT technology and artificial intelligence technology, self-driving vehicles’ technology is becoming more advanced. Drivers can use the data collected by the vehicle’s sensors to drive their cars better and assist them in making efficient decisions. The collected information enables drivers to save time, avoid congestion, and reduce traffic accidents. Moreover, the data also offers first-hand urban planning and construction data as well as accurate road information to the traffic department.
Its core is the system of smart security. Mainly, it comprises three parts, alarm, access control, and monitoring. Security forms a large market in the applications of IoT. Traditional security systems are unreliable as they are time-consuming and rely on people to a high degree, while intelligent security can achieve intelligent judgment through devices. The core part of smart security is the intelligent security system, which transmits, stores, analyses and processes the collected images. The integrated intelligent security system comprises access control, alarm and monitoring.
The application of the Internet of Things in the architectural field is mainly reflected in aspects such as fire monitoring, power lightning, building control, etc. The progress of science and technology particularly promotes intelligent building development. Hence, IoT technology enables buildings to draw near the direction of smart buildings. It is increasingly getting more attention since it is a comprehensive intelligent solution incorporating transmission, perception, judgment, memory, and decision-making. Currently, smart buildings are primarily reflected in aspects such as fire monitoring, electric lighting, building control, etc. Besides saving energy, smart buildings also minimize the operation of building operators. In ancient buildings, a smart building system can monitor termites, thus protecting the building.
People in smart farms are anticipated to install various sensor nodes in the near future to help them attain soil fertility and moisture, environmental temperature and humidity, carbon dioxide, and other information about agricultural production. Wireless communication networks can also recognize intelligent analysis, intelligent perception, intelligent decision-making, intelligent warning, and professional online guidance of agricultural production. It offers intelligent decision-making, visual management and accurate planting for agricultural production.
Smart agriculture incorporates IoT, big data, artificial intelligence and other new information technologies into the agricultural sector. Smart agriculture is a new mode of agricultural production that enables virtual agricultural diagnosis, accurate management control and management, disaster warning, and remote monitoring in agriculture production. Smart agriculture is divided into two groups: farming and animal husbandry. In farming, smart agriculture is used to develop satellites, sensors, cameras, and other data collection equipment. Intelligent mechanization in smart agriculture is realized in the automation of agricultural machinery. On the other hand, more digitalization is realized on data platform services. In animal husbandry, smart agriculture is mainly applied in feeding, reproduction, disease production and control.
Internet of Things(IoT) Solutions
Wearable IoT technology devices
One of the international developments of the Internet of Things is that it has attained substantial investments from world-top companies like Google and Samsung. Wearable devices are developed using software and sensors that collect information and give the user feedback after critically analyzing that data. IoT wearable devices are primarily used in various fields, for instance, health, fitness, environmental monitoring, audio and video, etc.
Automatic car Connection
Digital IoT technology is suitable for application in a typical vehicle to optimize its internal functions. Nevertheless, sensors and the Internet can be used to automatically optimize the connection of the Internet of Things with cars. This allows autonomous driving while safeguarding the safety of passengers.
The smart city is one leading use case of IoT technology. By using automated systems, smart cities can make the life of urban healthier and more straightforward. Some of the applications of smart cities are; automated urban automation, smart monitoring, urban security, water supply, power acquisition and supply, etc.
These are only a few illustrations of how the Internet of Things is impacting changes in our lives. Currently, numerous IoT devices are persistently used to better our lives by assembling, scrutinizing and optimizing different information. Some of the major industries involved in the Internet of Things are; Agriculture, Health, Transportation, Manufacturing, Bank, Defense, Food services, Oil exploration, and Smart buildings.
Related to the Internet of Things Technologies
Wireless sensor network
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is a distributed sensor network that uses terminals to sense and scrutinize the outside world. Sensors in WSN connect wirelessly to set up a network flexibly. The wireless sensor network can either connect to the Internet wirelessly or with help of a wire. Moreover, a device’s location in wireless sensor networks can be altered at any time. Wireless communication forms a multi-hop AD hoc network.
Also known as purple Bee, the ZigBee technology is a short-distance, low-speed network protocol that transmits data wirelessly. It adopts the standard specification of IEEE 802.15.4 in its physical and media access layers. Its main features are low consumption of power, low speed, low cost, low complexity, support for multiple network nodes, support of various network topologies, enhanced security and more reliability.
The machine-to-machine technology involves a dialogue between two machines, where data is transmitted from one terminal to the other. The application system of the M2M technology mainly consists of M2M hardware, intelligent machine, middleware, and a communication network. Some of the use cases of the M2M technology are; industrial applications, household applications, retail and payment applications, healthcare applications, logistics and transportation industries, etc.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a programmed Identification technology. It uses Radio Frequencies to contactless broadcast bidirectional data. Radio frequencies are also used in the RFID technology to read and write electronic tags and radio frequency cards. As many individuals primarily use the RFID technology to transmit data and identify targets, it is considered one of the most promising information technology in the 21st century.
NFC stands for Near Field Communication. Like the RFID, the NFC technology transmits data via electromagnetic induction coupling in the spectrum’s wireless frequency. Nevertheless, the two technologies still have a big difference. NFC technology is a wireless connection. It offers safe, easy, and fast communication. The range of transmission in NFC is slightly smaller than in RFID. RFID technology’s transmission range can reach up to several or even tens of meters.
Nonetheless, since the NFC technology adopts a unique signal attenuation technology, it has the characteristics of high bandwidth, short distance, high bandwidth and low energy consumption than RFID. Furthermore, the present contactless smart card technology is companionable with the NFC technology. The technology has become an official standard embraced by many major vendors.
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology
Bluetooth Low Energy is a unique LAN technology built and traded by the Bluetooth Technology Alliance. The Bluetooth Special Interest Group initially developed Bluetooth Low Energy technology for evolving use cases in sports and fitness, healthcare, security, beacons, home entertainment, etc. Compared to classical Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy technology intends to significantly minimize the cost and power consumption while maintaining the same communication range.
Future Trends of the Internet of Things
The Internet of Things has increasingly been applied in various industries, like healthcare, communications logistics, finance, retail, etc. The Beijing Research Institute has compiled six trends about the future of the global Internet of Things.
Market supply controls the demand direction
Currently, the supply side provides a driving force for the advancement of the Internet of Things market, where communication services and hardware terminals account for a relatively high proportion. The layout has been carried out successively by top enterprises in the industry. Hence the IoT technology market has rapidly increased the number of enterprises. Moreover, communication infrastructure is a leading market in the Internet of Things industry. This is because it is a vital connection between the IoT’s network layer and perception layer. Thus, it plays a crucial responsibility in the whole industrial chain.
The number of connections in industrial IoT to increase by 4.7 times
The penetration of the Internet of Things technology into various fields has significantly improved the industry’s information and networking levels. The proportion of connections of the industrial Internet of Things is progressively increasing, and it is anticipated to grow 4.7 times by the end of 2025. This growth is larger than the consumer’s growth range in the Internet of Things connections.
IoT developments in the vehicles industry are gradually growing
In smart transportation, car networking applies the Internet of things technology to aid data transmission via onboard equipment installed on the vehicle. This platform of car network information helps to know the dynamic vehicle data, improves the vehicle’s automation level and provides the vehicle service function when used effectively.
Acceleration in the development of smart logistics
The advancements in data technologies like big data and the Internet of Things will enable the logistics industry to undergo a significant transition to smart logistics. The support of information technologies to smart logistics will allow this field to realize its system perception functions and timely processing in different logistic links such as transportation, circulation processing, warehousing, and information services.
Rapid abundancy in the application of Smart Internet of Things
Thousands of devices in the world are actively linked to the Internet. The popularity of 5G technology is expected to allow more devices to connect, transmit more information using the connected devices, and efficiently enhance data transmission.
The innovation of artificial intelligence is becoming crucial
Infrastructure operations in the Internet of things industry will increasingly rely on AI technology. Cloud service companies in IoT like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon are given the mandate to offer service opportunities to all users. AI technology can help the Internet of Things technology in data analysis, high-accurate time series and real-time locating to enhance the effectiveness of logistics and other sectors.